• भारत सरकार
    Government of India
  • शिक्षा मंत्रालय
    Ministry of Education

Ministry of Education launched the National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy (NIPUN) Bharat in July 2021. NIPUN was announced as a national mission to enable all children at the end of Grade 3 to attain foundational skills by the year 2026-2027. As a crucial step towards strengthening efforts for Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN), a large-scale Foundational Learning Study (FLS) has been undertaken by National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) in March 2022.


Objectives of the study

Assess learning outcomes: The study aims to provide reliable and valid data about Grade 3 students to know what they are able to do in foundational literacy and numeracy and the extent of learning outcomes being achieved.

Set baseline for NIPUN: The data derived from the FLS Study would help in establishing a baseline for the NIPUN Bharat mission.

Set benchmarks: The Study also aims to establish reading proficiency benchmarks for fluency and comprehension for each of the languages (20 in number) being assessed under the study and proficiency benchmarks for numeracy.

Report on SDG: This study will also provide data to report on SDG 4.1.1 indicators at the global level.

Coverage of the Study and Sample

More approx. 86,000 grade 3 students from 10,000 schools were covered. The Study sample included state government schools, government aided schools, private recognised and central government schools.

FLS was conducted in 20 languages which are being used as a medium of instruction in various state/UTs covering - Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, English, Garo, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Khasi, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Mizo, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.


Study Methodology

The FLS Study is a school-based performance assessment. Selected sample of children from grade 3 were assessed by a test administrator in a one-on-one setting where each child responded to a set of questions administered orally.

Several foundational literacy skills including oral language comprehension, phonological awareness, decoding, reading comprehension, oral reading fluency with comprehension were assessed as part of assessment. For foundational numeracy, number identification & comparison, number operations, multiplication and division facts, measurement, fractions, patterns, and data handling are included.

Study Achievements

Psychometric analysis of the data has been carried out. Benchmarks for oral reading fluency and comprehension in 20 languages and benchmarks for numeracy has been established. National report card, State report card and technical reports would be prepared based on the FLS and as a first step preliminary report on benchmark setting for oral reading fluency and reading comprehension in 20 languages has been prepared.


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